Cook's Hideout: Panchadara Avakaya (Green Mango Pickle with Sugar)

July 18, 2011

Panchadara Avakaya (Green Mango Pickle with Sugar)

I was never a big fan of mixing sweet and savory things. I wouldn’t eat a dish if I saw my mom adding sugar or jaggery to any dish. Sweet pickles, as you can imagine, were a big no-no. But now my palate appreciates the nuances of sweet and savory in a dish.


When my dear cousin served us panchadara avakaya that her MIL made couple of years ago, I fell in love with it instantly. She gave me a bottle of pachadi last year that her MIL made while in the US and this year she decided to make it herself. So I followed suit and made this sweet, spicy and tangy avakaya. My cousin, the perfectionist that she is, sent me the detailed recipe with instructions on how to cut the mangoes and when to taste and adjust the seasonings.

Instructions for Avakaya

Choosing the right mangoes for the pickle is the biggest challenge. Pick ones that look fresh and are bright green, medium sized, and should NOT be soft when touched. The first time I bought them, they looked green and all from outside, but when I cut into them they were yellow and squishy.

So I had to wait 2 more weeks to get the right mangoes. Big thanks to you, dear P and your MIL for this fool proof avakaya recipe.

Green mangoes – 2, medium sized
Sugar (panchadara) – 1 cup
Red chili powder for pickles – 1 cup (this chili powder is bright, vibrant red, but it is not very spicy hot and is available in most Indian grocery store)
Sesame seeds (nuvvulu)– 1¼ cups
Mustard seeds (aavalu) – ¼ cup
Fenugreek seeds (menthulu) – ¼ cup
Salt (uppu) – 1 cup
Peanut oil – 1 cup

  • Wash the mangoes well and dry them thoroughly. I left the washed mangoes covered with a dish towel on the counter for couple of hours to completely dry them.
  • Prep all the spices: Dry roast (without oil) sesame seeds until lightly browned on medium low heat. Set aside.
  • Dry roast fenugreek seeds and mustard seeds separately.
  • When all the spices are completely cool, grind each one separately; sesame seeds can be made into a coarse powder – too much grinding can make sesame paste, so keep checking. Mustard seeds tend to get bitter if ground too much, so be mindful of that.
  • Heat oil in a small saucepan until very hot, turn off the heat and let it cool completely.
  • While the oil is cooling, start chopping the mangoes. Cut the mango into half lengthwise, this gets a little tricky if the seed is tough, so try to find the exact spot where the seed ends. Scoop out the seed and discard. Cube the mango into small bite size pieces. Try to make sure that each piece has the peel. Pat dry the pieces with a clean kitchen towel to make sure that there is no moisture on the pieces.
  • Take all the pieces into a large non-reactive container. Add sugar, salt, pickle chili powder, all of the roasted fenugreek and mustard powders, 1 cup of sesame powder (reserve the rest for later) and the cooled oil. Mix everything together.
  • At this point the pickle is a little thick, but as it sits the mangoes will ooze out their juices and will thin out over time. Cover tightly and let the pickle rest for 24 hours.
  • Taste the pickle and add more salt/ sugar/ chili powder or the reserved sesame powder if needed and let it sit for another 24 hours. If it tastes perfect after the 1st 24 hours then simply put the pickle into clean glass/ porcelain jars.

I put the pickle in the fridge so it stays fresh longer, but if you are going to use it up in couple of weeks, leave it out on the shelf. Tastes amazing with steamed rice and ghee or with idlis/ dosas/ upma etc.

Pictorial of Avakaya Making:

Ingredients for Avakaya

Mangoes for Avakaya

Ingredients for Avakaya1


Sending this over to Aipi & Priya's "Bookmarked Recipes - Every Tuesday" event.



  1. Wow! Meeku aa red skinned mango avakayaku upayogapadinda. Ikkada dorike mangoes pachadiki useless ani nenu decide ayipoyanu. :)
    BTW, the avakaya looks vibrant as it should be. I have heard about the bellam version but not this one. And I am wondering what the addition of a sweetener does to a spicy avakaya.

  2. wow! this is so new.. addition of sesame seeds surely adds a new dimension to the pickle..bookmarked!!

  3. I don;t like sweeteners in my food but panchadara & bellam pachadi are an exception. Thanks for sharing the recipe

  4. Wowwwww.... Chala chala bagundi mee aavakaya.. Thanks for the wonderful recipe :)
    Indian Cuisine

  5. Wow looks tongue tickling...yummy pickle

  6. There are a few things that makes me drool, this is definitely one of them :)The recipe is a keeper!
    US Masala

  7. Suma, nenu kuda ade anukunnanu. First time thechinna kaayalu thiyyaga vunnayi, but second time got lucky. If you want to buy, make sure they the mangoes are really hard.
    Actually I found avakaya to be still spicy with just a touch of sweetness in the background. It is definitely not like eating a dessert sweet. You should try a little bit to see.

    Thanks everyone.

  8. Lovely pickle recipe..a must try..

  9. hey pavani....I landed on your blog from somewhere and finds it very interesting....Pickle looks really tangy and yummy....Do visit me at

  10. Tongue tickling and drool worthy pickle,great the recipe..must try this ! Thanks!


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